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How to grow basil in pots or in the garden. Fertilizer and cultivation advice.
The basil it is a fragrant shrub widely used as an aroma in the kitchen, for tomato sauces, fresh salads and for the classic pesto. It has no particular climatic needs and does not require excessive care. Grow basil it's simple, so why not dabble in this feat? Think about preparing the classic pesto with yours basil! How tasty!
How to grow basil in pots
Before you seehow to grow basilin the garden, we analyze, step by step, thecultivation of basil in pots. Here's what it takes to grow basil in pots.
- A vase and a saucer
- Of the soil, commonly marketed under the name of "universal soil"
- A sachet of basil seeds
- A scoop
- Expanded clay (easily found in garden stores)
- A piece of crock (optional but recommended)
- A watering can
Basil in pots: cultivation
Let's start with the preparation of the jarin whichcultivate the basil plant.
- Place a piece of earthenware on the drainage hole of the pot, with the concave part facing down. You don't have to plug the hole, just prevent the earth from blocking it.
- Pour the expanded clay on the bottom of the vase, so as to fill it for about 1/6 of its height. Expanded clay helps improve soil drainage and can be replaced with common gravel.
- Fill the pot with soil, pressing it lightly with your hands but avoiding pressing it too much, so that it remains nice and soft.
Attention: the vase must not be filled up to the upper margin. Leave a couple of inches between the edge and the ground level.
How to sow basil
If thecultivation of basilit is done starting fromseed, you can sow several plants in prepared boxes (if you want to grow more basil plants in the garden).
If you are aiming for pot cultivation, just take advantage of the container prepared previously.
Place the basil seeds on the surface of the soil.
Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil, without pressing it. Always keep in mind that too much soil will suffocate the seeds and the seedlings will have a harder time being born. A layer one and a half times the volume of the seed is recommended.
Lightly water the soil, making sure that the water does not move it too much and does not reveal the seeds. Subsequently, if the seedlings are too close, we will thin them out.
If you wantgrow basilin abundance, you can grow it in a planter using broadcast sowing.
Take a small handful of seeds and distribute it evenly over the surface of the soil. This "broadcast" method is the simplest and is suitable for small plants, such as parsley and basil.
As basil plants grow, thin them out by eliminating the weaker and less developed ones.
Basil: sowing for cultivation in the garden
For thesowingof basil intended for cultivation in the garden, you can either sow directly in the garden or sow in the seedbed.
Sowing basil in the vegetable garden has several disadvantages:
- We have to wait for the temperatures to be mild. Theperiodforsow basilin the open field it falls between late April and early May.
- It is necessary to pay close attention to weeds. When germinating, basil plants can be overwhelmed by weeds.
- It is important to take into account the "bird risk". Many birds love seeds, and since basil seeds are not buried but placed almost superficially, attention should be paid to "bird friends".
Sowing in the open field has the advantage of not requiring a subsequent transplant. Theresowing basilin the pits has several advantages:
- The sowing period can be anticipated between February and March.
- Plants that are already developed and more resistant and ready to compete with any weeds are planted.
- Early harvests are obtained, planting is carried out in April with basil plants already developed.
Basil plants are planted when each plant has developed 4 - 6 leaves.
How to plant basil
Plants can be planted when temperatures are permanently above 15 ° C.
The basil plants must be planted at a distance of 20 - 30 cm from each other.
How to grow basil: care
It is necessary to irrigate the plant with rainwater and avoid calcareous water which prevents the absorption of certain nutrients. If the basil has yellow leaves, it is likely a soil imbalance.
Beforegrow basilit may be appropriatefertilizethe soil with ammonium sulphate or with abundant organic substance.
Watering must be frequent: the soil must remain constantly humid.
Basil pruning: topping
Not everyone knows, but thebasilneeds a particularpruningknown astopping.
Theretoppingit is a necessary operation to stimulate the production of leaves. It is done by eliminating flowering buds. Flowers take away energy from the plant which will produce fewer leaves. For this reason it is necessary to eliminate the "spikes" that are going to bloom.